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The Holy Bible records the human race as starting with a belief in ONE GOD, that is, Monotheism, and that Polytheism (the worship of many gods) was a later development. According to ‘Halley’s Bible Handbook,’

“….The Bible view has received recent confirmation from Archaeology. Dr. Stephen Langdon, of Oxford University, has found that the earliest Babylonian inscriptions suggest that man’s first religion was a belief in One God, and from that, there was a rapid decline into Polytheism and Idolatry.” Genesis - Archaeological Note: Original Monotheism, Page 62.

For the people living in the ancient times, it seemed to start so innocently. They lived here and there in the countryside, and were frequently in danger of wild animals.

There was also a very great and mighty man in the land who was very powerful and very persuasive. His name was Nimrod. History tells us he had a great ego, and was very rebellious against God. He decided to build a great tower that ‘reached unto heaven,’ the first real skyscraper, an unbelievable feat for that time, which made him very famous among his contemporaries. Then he built great walled enclosures, and clustered homes within, for protection from the above mentioned dangers, and the people, not trusting in God for their protection, thought it was a good idea. Thus started the brick creation of Mankind, over which he placed himself as Ruler.

We read of Nimrod in “Halley’s Bible Handbook,” Page 82, as follows:

“....His fame as a ‘mighty hunter’ (Genesis 10:9), meant that he was protector of the people at a time when wild animals were a continual menace....In his ambition to control the rapidly multiplying and spreading race, he seems to have been leader in the Tower of Babel enterprise, (Genesis 10:10 and 11:9)....later he built three nearby cities, (called) Erech, Accad and Calneh, and consolidated them into one kingdom under his own rule....Still ambitious to control the ever-spreading race, Nimrod went 300 miles further north, and founded Nineveh, and three nearby cities, Rohoboth, Calah and Resen. This constituted Nimrod’s northern kingdom. For many centuries afterward, these two cities, Babylon and Nineveh, founded by Nimrod, were the Leading Cities of the World.”

This brick creation was called ancient Babylon and ancient Chaldea, (now Iraq). From this first civilization, we can trace many of the religious doctrines and customs practiced around the world, even today. We will allow the Biblical historians to do this tracing for us.

We quote further from ‘Halley’s Bible Handbook,’ as follows:

“....Babylonia was long known as the ‘Land of Nimrod.’ He was afterward deified, his name being identical with ‘Merodach.’ Page 82.

We also read in ‘The Two Babylons’ by Hislop, that

“ point of fact, we shall find, in the course of our inquiry, that Nimrod was the actual Father of the gods, as being the first of deified mortals...” Page 32, Objects of Worship.

‘Halley’s Bible Handbook’ also says,

“....Nimrod, who had exalted himself against God (Genesis 11:1-9), in building the Tower of Babel, was ever afterward recognized as the chief Babylonian deity. Marduk (shortened from Marodach) was the common form of his name; later became identical with Bel.” Page 95.

The King James Version of the Holy Bible, Proper Names section of the Concordance, defines the name ‘Bel’ as ‘another form of Baal,’ an idol.

Baal (means ‘Lord,’ according to the definition in the KJV of the Holy Bible). He was Nimrod, (also was known by the various neighboring cultures as Osiris, Bel, Moloch, Tammuz, Bacchus, Ninus, etc.), who built the first city, and whose inhabitants turned from God and worshipped Baal as ‘Lord’ for the protection the city gave them.

Semiramis, his wife, (who also was known by those various neighboring cultures as Asherah, or Ashtoreth, or Ashtaroth, or Astarte, or Ishtar), was also the woman that made towers and enclosed the Babylonian cities with brick and slime, and some say she beautified it with the fabled hanging gardens, and certainly the groves with statues that God had condemned, (Exodus 34:13-16 KJV). Her name means ‘the Dove,’ according to ‘The Two Babylons,’ Page 79, and ‘Rhea, Mother of the gods,’ Page 74.

“...Baal was their principal god; Ashtoreth, Baal’s wife, their principal goddess. She was the personification of the reproductive principle in nature. Ishtar was her Babylonian name; Astarte her Greek and Roman name. Baalim, the plural of Baal, were images of Baal. Ashtaroth (was) the plural of Ashtoreth.” Page 166, Halley’s Bible Handbook.

“....In other words, the idea of the god was the same; just the cultural wrapping was different. So one ancient culture could absorb the religion of another without changing stride or breaking step. Each culture not only claimed gods of a previous civilization; it laid claim to their myths and made them its own, with only minor changes.” ‘The Bible Almanac,’ Page 107.

The Babylonians and the Canaanites (Chaldeans) worshipped these two. We learn more of their religion from ‘Halley’s Bible Handbook,’ as follows:

“.....Temples of Baal and Ashtoreth were usually together. Priestesses were temple prostitutes. Sodomites were male temple prostitutes. The worship of Baal, Ashtoreth and other Canaanite gods consisted in the most extravagant orgies; their temples were centers of vice.” Page 166.

“....Her commonest name in Babylonia was Ishtar. She was the deification of the sex passion; her worship required licentiousness; sacred prostitution in connection with her sanctuaries was a universal custom among the women of Babylonia. In connection with her temples were charming retreats or chambers where her priestesses entertained male worshippers in disgraceful ceremonies. In addition to these prostitute priestesses, every maid, wife or widow had to officiate at least once in her lifetime in these rites.”Page 95.

‘The Two Babylons’ discusses the death of Nimrod as follows:

“....Now, when this mighty hero, in the midst of his career or glory, was suddenly cut off by a violent death, great seems to have been the shock that the catastrophe occasioned. When the news spread abroad, the devotees of pleasure felt as if the best benefactor of mankind were gone, and the gaiety of nations eclipsed. Loud was the wail that everywhere ascended to heaven among the apostates from the primeval faith for so dire a catastrophe. Then began those weepings for Tammuz, (Ezekiel 8:14 KJV), in the guilt of which the daughters of Israel allowed themselves to be implicated, and the existence of which can be traced not merely in the annals of classical antiquity, but in the literature of the world from Ultima Thule (an extremely remote part of the Alaskan bush), to Japan.” The Death of the Child, Page 57.

What effect did Nimrod’s death have upon his wife? Let us continue with ‘The Two Babylons,’ as follows:

“....If there was one who was more deeply concerned in the tragic death of Nimrod than another, it was his wife Semiramis, who, from an originally humble position, had been raised to share with him the throne of Babylon. What, in this emergency shall she do? Shall she quietly forego the pomp and pride to which she has been raised? No. Though the death of her husband has given a rude shock to her power, yet her resolution and unbounded ambition were in no wise checked. On the contrary, her ambition took a still higher flight. In life her husband had been honoured as a hero; in death she will have him worshipped as a god, yea, as the woman’s promised seed....” The Deification of the Child, Page 58-59.

“....The scheme, thus skillfully formed, took effect. Semiramis gained glory from her dead and deified husband; and in course of time both of them, under the names of Rhear and Nin, or ‘Goddess-Mother and Son,’ were worshipped with an enthusiasm that was incredible, and their images were everywhere set up and adored.....According to the Chaldean doctrine of the transmigration of souls, all that was needful was just to teach that Ninus, (Nimrod) had reappeared in the person of a posthumous son, supernaturally borne by his widowed wife, after the father had gone to glory. As the licentious and dissolute life of Semiramis gave her many children, for whom no ostensible father on earth would be alleged, a plea like this would at once sanctify sin, and enable her to meet the feelings of those who were disaffected to the true worship of Jehovah.” The Deification of the Child, Page 59.

Here we have the first evidence in history of the clearly unchristian Doctrine of Incarnation, as well as the first Trinity worship!

What is Reincarnation? ‘The Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics,’ by James Hastings, says that;

“...Reincarnation is transmigration of the soul from one being to another.”

‘The Two Babylons’ calls it The (ancient) Chaldean doctrine of transmigration of souls,” which spread throughout the known world, and is the basis for nearly all the worldly religions on the face of the earth, even today, in this enlightened age.

In ‘Eerdmans’ Handbook to The World’s Religions,’ Buddha teaches that all human beings are reincarnated and have past lives,

“....through reincarnation or rebirth, all human beings reap good or evil consequences of their actions. The quality of their deeds of body, their speech and thought in previous lives, determines the circumstances of their rebirth....the goal of reincarnation and rebirth is ‘nirvana,’.... the eternal realm, the utterly dependable, the true refuge.”


‘Eerdmans’ Handbook’ gives the two definitions of Incarnation as follows:

  1. “.....A term used for the Hindu doctrine of the Avatar, in which Lord Vishnu (one of the gods in the Indian trinity) descends to incarnate himself..... The most famous is the mythical Krishna. The Hindu Avatar tradition teaches that there are, or will be a total of ten incarnations.....The mythical Krishna was the ninth.”
  2. “.....The Christian doctrine that God became man in Jesus Christ, so possessing both human and divine natures.”

‘The Two Babylons’ states that the Doctrine of Incarnation got started with the ancient Assyrians and the Chaldeans, while the great Belgian philologist and archaeologist Franz Cumont (Lux perpetua 1949, p. 143ff), spent a long time trying to demonstrate that all belief in mentensomatosis (Hindu incarnation) came from India, and that the ancient Greek Pythagoreans had received it, strangely enough from Iran, (where it left no trace at all.)

‘The Eleade Guide to World Religions,’ by Eliade and Couliano, states that it wasn’t only the Indians and the ancient Babylonians and Chaldeans who believed in incarnation, but that the belief was, and is very widespread. All the following nations or tribes listed below did not embrace Christianity, but worshipped heathen or pagan godsWe quote from page 5 in the Introduction, as follows:

“....They (Indians and Greek Pythagoreans) shared this idea with quite a few others: In Africa, with the Swas of Kenya, the Wanikas, the Akikiyus, the Bari of the White Nile, The Mandingo, the Edo, The Ibo, the Ewes, the Yorubas, The Kagoro, the Akan, the Twi, the Zulus, the Bantus, the Barotse, the Ba-ila, and the Marovi tribes of Madagascar; in Oceania and Mayalsia, with the Tahitians, the Okinawans, the Papuans of New Guinea, the Melanesians, the Marquesans, the Indonesian tribes, the Solomon Islanders, the Sandwich Islanders, the Fijians, the Dayaks and other Borneo tribes, the Balinese, the Poso-Alfures of Celebes, the tribes of New Caledonia, and the New Zealand Maoris; in Asia, with the Andaman Islanders, the Santals of Bengal, the Dravidians and Nayars of southern India, the Khonds of eastern India, the Anagami Nagas of Assam, the Changs of the Naga Hills, the Karens of Burma, the Semang of the Malay Peninsula, the Giliaks, Yenisei Ostyaks, and Buriats, the Cheremiss of Central Russia, and a few others; In North America, with the Algonquins, the Dakotas, the Hurons, the Iroquois, the Mohave, the Moqui (Hopi), the Nachez, the Nutkas, the Tacullis, the Kiowas, the Creeks, the Winnebagos, the Ahts of Vancouver Island, the Denes, the Montagnais, the Tlingit, the Haidas, the Tsimshians, the Eskimos, the Aleuts, and the Athapaskans; in South America, with the Caribs, Mayas, and Quiches, Patagonians, Peruvians, Sontals, Popayans, Powhattans, and Tlalacans of Mexico, the Icannes and Chiriquanes of Brazil, and undoubtedly more.”

The above list, approximative as it may be, originally comes from Joseph Head and S. L. Cranston, in ‘Reincarnation in World Thought’ (1967).

The early history of the human family as it is documented within the pages of the Holy Bible, testifies of this falling away from the worship of the Almighty, the One Supreme Absolute Deity, to the worship of the works of mens’ hands, statues and images, to which were attributed Godly powers. These false gods were frequently in ‘threefold or triune’ depictionsAs we have already learned, the various ancient cultures had given these ‘three gods in one’ different names, but the trinity concept, as such, became firmly established in the whole earth. We find these same ancient gods were ‘Christianized,’ that is, given Christian names, and are worshipped to this day. We will continue to examine how this came about, by quoting recognized expert sources for our information that we present to the reader.

First we will quote from ‘The Two Babylons,’ as follows:

“.....While this had been the original way in which Pagan idolatry had represented the Triune God, and though this kind of representation had survived to Sennacherib’s time, yet there is evidence that, at a very early period, an important change had taken place in the Babylonian notions in regard to the divinity: and that the three persons had come to be, the Eternal Father, the Spirit of God incarnate in a human mother, and a Divine Son, the fruit of that incarnation.....” Page 19, Objects of Worship.

“.....While this was the theory, the first person in the Godhead was practically overlooked. As the Great Invisible, taking no immediate concern in human affairs, he was “to be worshipped through silence alone.” That is, in point of fact, he was not worshipped by the multitude at all. The same thing is strikingly illustrated in India at this day. Though Brahma, according to the sacred books, the first person of the Hindu Triad, and the religion of Hindostan is called by his name, yet he is never worshipped, and there is scarcely a single Temple in all India now in existence of those that were formerly erected to his honor.....In Papal Italy, as travelers universally admit, all appearance of worshipping the King Eternal and Invisible is almost extinct, while the Mother and the Child are the grand objects of worship. Exactly so, in this latter respect, also was it in ancient BabylonThe Babylonians, in their popular religion, supremely worshipped a Goddess Mother and a Son, who was represented in pictures and in images as an infant or child in his mother’s arms. From Babylon, this worship of The Mother and The Child spread to the ends of the earth......even in Tibet, in China, and Japan, the Jesuit missionaries were astonished to find the counterpart of Madonna and her child as devoutly worshipped as in Papal Rome itself; Shing Moo, the Holy Mother in China, being represented with a child in her arms, and a glory around her, exactly as if a Roman Catholic artist had been employed to set her up.....”Pages 19-20, Objects of Worship.

“....The Papacy has in some of its churches, as for instance, in the monastery of the so-called Trinitarians of Madrid, an image of the Triune God with three heads on one body. The (ancient) Babylonians had something of the same.....In India, the supreme divinity, in like manner, in one of the most ancient cave-temples, is represented with three heads on one body, under the name of ‘Eko Deva Trimurtti,’ (‘One God, three forms’)...Brahma, the first person in that triform image is identified with the supreme Brahm, and further, that a curse is pronounced upon all who distinguish between Brahma, Vishnu, and Seva, the three divinities represented by that image.....” Pages 17-18, Objects of Worship.

“....In Japan, the Buddhists worship their great divinity, Buddha, with three heads, in the very same form, under the name of ‘San Pao Fuh.’ All these have existed from ancient times. While overlaid with idolatry, the recognition of a Trinity was universal in all the ancient nations of the world, proving how deep-rooted in the human race was the primeval doctrine on this subject.....” Page 18, Objects of Worship.

We continue with excerpts from ‘The Two Babylons’ as follows:

“....From the following extract from the Dublin Catholic Layman, a very able Protestant paper, describing a Popish picture of the Trinity, recently published (7-17-1856) in that city, it will be seen that something akin to this mode of representing the Godhead is appearing nearer home:-- ‘At the top of the picture is a representation of the Holy Trinity. We beg to speak of it with due reverence. God the Father and God the Son are represented as a man with two heads, one body, and two arms. One of the heads is like the ordinary pictures of our Saviour. The other is the head of an old man, surmounted by a triangle. Out of the middle of this figure is proceeding the Holy Ghost in the form of a dove*.....’” Page 17, Objects of Worship.

“....Now, viewed in this light, the triune emblem of the (ancient) supreme Assyrian divinity shows clearly what had been the original patriarchal faith. First, there is the head of the old man; next there is the circle, for the seed; and lastly, the wings and tail of the bird or dove*, showing, though blasphemously, the unity of Father, Seed (or Son), and Holy Ghost.....” Page 18, Objects of Worship.

* Remember ancient Semiramis, whose name means ‘The Dove?’

Each nation or society had their own special names for their triune gods. In ancient times, the Egyptian ISIS, HORUS and SEB represented it, and finally those names for the Trinity spread throughout the known world, eventually being universally recognized. To this day, we see upon the vestments of various denominations, (as well as on the Holy Communion Wafer), the initials ‘IHS,’ the symbol for the Trinity.

As Alexander Hislop of ‘The Two Babylons’ puts it,

“....There are letters on the wafer that are worth reading. These letters are IHS. What mean these mystical letters? To a Christian, these letters are represented as signifying, ‘Iesus Hominum Salvator,’ (which means) ‘Jesus the Saviour of men.’ But let a Roman worshipper of Isis, (for in the age of the emperors there were innumerable worshippers of Isis in Rome) cast his eyes upon them, and how will he read them? He will read them, of course, according to his own well-known system of idolatry: ‘Isis, Horus, Seb,’ that is, ‘The Mother, The Child, and the Father of the gods,’ --- in other words, ‘The Egyptian Trinity.’ Can the reader imagine that this double sense is accidental? Surely not. The very same spirit that converted the festival of the Pagan Oannes into the feast of the Christian Joannes, retaining at the same time all its ancient Paganism, has skillfully planned the initials IHS to pay the semblance of a tribute to Christianity, while Paganism in reality has all the substance of the homage bestowed upon it.” Page 164, Doctrine and Discipline.

The Trinity Doctrine is the worship of three deities, each individually, yet three in one being. Whereas, the Israelites worshipped only one God.

We continue with what ‘The Bible Almanac’ has to say about this God of the Israelites.

“....In the ancient world, only Israel was fully monotheistic. But let us be sure we understand what this means. Monotheism is not simply a matter of arithmetic. Perhaps the most succinct statement is that of W. F. Albright, who says that monotheism is ‘the belief in the existence of only one God, who is the Creator of the world and the giver of all life,....(Who is) so far superior to all created beings....that He remains absolutely unique.’ This made Israel radically different from her pagan neighbors.” Page 110.

So what does the God of the Israelites think of the Incarnate gods of the Canaanites, and all the other tribes?

“....And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord, and served Baalim: And they forsook the Lord God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the Lord to anger. And they forsook the Lord, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.” (Judges 2:11-13 KJV)

“….and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites:….Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down their images. And ye shall serve the Lord your God....Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods. They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me: for if thou serve their gods, it will surely be a snare unto thee.” (Exodus 23:23-25 and 32-33 KJV)

“….Did ever people hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live? Or hath God assayed to go and take him a nation from the midst of another nation, by temptations, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by a stretched out arm, and by great terrors, according to all that the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes? Unto thee it was shown, that thou mightest know that the Lord he is God; there is none else beside him. Out of heaven he made thee to hear his voice, that he might instruct thee: and upon earth he shewed thee his great fire; and thou heardest his words out of the midst of the fire. And because he loved thy fathers, therefore, he chose their seed after them, and brought thee out in his sight with his mighty power out of Egypt; To drive out nations from before thee greater and mightier than thou art, to bring thee in, to give thee their land for an inheritance, as it is this day. Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that the Lord he is God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: there is none else.” (Deuteronomy 4:33-39 KJV)

We are not to add to whatever God has instructed us to do regarding worship of HIM, and that includes pagan customs, gods, etc.

“....Take heed to thyself that thou be not snared by following them, after that they be destroyed from before thee; and that thou enquire not after their gods, saying: ‘How did these nations serve their gods ? even so will I do likewise.’ Thou shalt not do so unto the Lord thy God, for every abomination to the Lord, which he hateth, have they done unto their gods.....what thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it.” (Deuteronomy 12:30, 31, and 32. KJV)


Very few people realize that so many of the doctrinal points and traditions of ‘modern day’ Christianity actually consist of elements of Biblical truth mixed with falsehood from ancient times. After the deaths of the Apostles, there came a ‘falling away’ of the believers, (referred to in II Thessalonians 2, KJV), and as the years passed, what was presented as the Christian ‘doctrine’ was made more palatable to the non-Christians by the ‘merging’ of doctrines, which made it easier for the ranks of ‘believers’ to grow without an outright conversion.

We will quote from Babylon Mystery Religion, Ancient and Modern,’ by Ralph Woodrow, of the Ralph Woodrow Evangelistic Association, as follows:

“....We have seen, that a mixture of paganism and Christianity produced the Roman Catholic Church. The pagans worshipped and prayed to a mother goddess, (Semiramis), so the fallen church adopted mother worship under the name of Mary. The pagans had gods and goddesses associated with various days, occupations, and events in life. This system was adopted and the ‘gods’ were called ‘saints.’ The pagans used statues or idols of their pagan deities in their worship, so the fallen church did also, simply calling them by different names......Catholic scholars recognize that their church developed from a mixture of paganism and Christianity.” Page 156.

“….The Roman Catholic church, as it acknowledges, has long grown and developed around a multitude of traditions and ideas handed down by church fathers over the centuries, even beliefs brought over from paganism if they could be ‘Christianized,’ and also the scriptures. Concepts from all of these sources have been mixed together and developed, finally to become dogmas at various church councils.” Page 23.

Indeed, this ‘mixture’ is not exclusively Catholic. What is recognized as Protestantism today, is really just a modified form of Catholicism, with many of the traces of ancient heathenism still intact. Although they do not recognize the Pope as the ‘Holy Father,’ nearly all Protestant denominations embrace the Trinity concept of God through the heathen doctrine of Incarnation, which started with Nimrod and Semiramis, and their ungodly life.

When did the heathen doctrine of Incarnation officially become ‘Christianized?’ We read in the ‘World Book Encyclopedia,’ the Article titled ‘Trinity’ as follows:

“…Trinity is a term used to express the belief that in the one God there are three Divine Persons—the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit (or Holy Ghost)….Belief in Father, Son, and Holy Spirit was defined by early general councils of the Christian church. The Council of Nicaea in 325 A.D., and the Council of Constantinople in 381 A.D., declared that the Son is of the same essence as the Father, and that the three Persons are one God….”

We read further in ‘World Book Encyclopedia,’ in the Article titled ‘Nicene Councils’ as follows:

“….Nicene Councils were two councils of the Christian church held in Nicaea, in what is now northwest Turkey.”

“….The first council was called in 325 A.D., by Emperor Constantine to settle the dispute caused by the Arian views of the Trinity. Arius was a priest of Alexandria who believed that Christ is not of the same essence as God. The council adopted the so-called Nicene Creed….It was adopted originally in the following form, but has been amplified since:

We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, maker of all things, both visible and invisible; and in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the Son of God, Only begotten of the Father, that is to say, of the substance of the Father, God of God, and Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father, etc.”

We continue with Babylon Mystery Religion’ as follows:

“....But the Church from a very early period took them into her service, just as she adopted many other music, lights, perfumes, ablutions, floral decorations,....which were not identified with any idolatrous cult in particular; they were common to almost all cults. Water, oil, light, incense, singing procession, prostration, decoration of altars, vestments of priests and ministers.....Similarly the fish symbol, representing Christ, the anchor of hope, the palm of victory, were all sufficiently familiar as emblems among pagans.....” Pages 156, 157, 158.

“....Because of the clever ways that paganism was mixed with Christianity, the Babylonish influence became hidden - a mystery – ‘mystery Babylon.’
But as a detective gathers clues and facts in order to solve a mystery, so in this book (Babylon Mystery Religion), we have presented many Biblical and historical clues as evidence. Some of these clues may have seemed insignificant at first glance or when taken alone. But when the full picture is seen, they fit together and conclusively solve the mystery of Babylon - ancient and modern! Over the centuries God has called his people out of the bondage of Babylon. Still today, his voice is saying, ‘Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins.’” Revelations 18:4. (KJV) Page 160.

We have shown that the foundation for the Trinity concept of God is of pagan, heathen, sensuous origin. Is it conceivable that the God of the Israelites, who condemned the trinity gods of the heathen, pagan nations, became ‘trinitized’ when His Son was born? God Almighty condemned those pagan gods, forbid HIS people to worship them, and told them to destroy those gods. Do we really think that when HIS Son was to be conceived in Mary’s womb, God copied the ancient, pagan concept of the Trinity Incarnation Doctrine in order to accomplish the birth of HIS Son into the world?